(CNN) — Folks who have never been there tend to think of Kenya as a one-trick pony — an awesome safari destination and little more.
But East Africa’s No. 1 travel destination (nearly 1.5 million international visitors in 2017) is actually a multifaceted place with a wide variety of adventures both rural and urban.
While wildlife remains the lodestone, Kenya also offers awesome Indian Ocean beaches, world-class mountain trekking, surprisingly good nightlife, an eclectic cultural heritage and interesting ways to get around (from ancient sailing craft to a spanking brand new railway line).

Check out our list of 20 of the best things to do in Kenya:

1. Summit Mt Kenya

Kenya best things

High altitude hotspot: Mt. Kenya

Kenya Tourism Board

Rising to just over 17,000 feet (3,800 meters), Mt Kenya is the continent’s second highest peak. But the summit trails are far less crowded than its snowy counterpart (Kilimanjaro) across the border in Tanzania.

You’ll likely have the mountain all to your own during a trek that normally spans five days from start to finish (with four overnights on the mountain). True to its name, Mount Kenya Safaris offers guided trips via any of the three main routes to the top.

2. Watch the Great Migration in Masai Mara

Kenya best things

On the move: The Great Migration

Kenya Tourism Board

Arriving from the neighboring Serengeti Plains, millions of wildebeest, antelope and zebra — and the predators that follow them — thunder through Masai Mara National Reserve between July and October during the Great Migration.

The spectacle can be viewed on game drives, airplane or hot-air balloon flights, walking or horseback safaris.

3. Soak up sea, sun & sand at Diani

Kenya best things

Sand, sunset, serenity: Diani beach.

Kenya Tourism Board

Stretching 11 miles (17 kilometers) along the south Kenya coast, Diani renders the best beach-going experience in all of East Africa.

In addition to the powdery white sand and jade-colored waters protected by a coral reef, Diani offers a wide range of outdoor sports (kitesurfing, skydiving, snorkeling, jetskiing), trendy beachfront bars and restaurants, and hip surfside digs like chic Alfajiri Villas (+254 20 2697234)

4. Foster orphaned elephants (or a blind rhino)

Kenya

Tiny tusks: The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust looks after baby elephants.

Courtesy Joe Yogerst

David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust (+254 202 301 396) on the outskirts of Nairobi has save hundreds of baby elephants (and a blind rhino named Maxwell) from almost certain death since the sanctuary was founded in 1977 by conservation pioneers David and Dame Daphne Sheldrick.

Baby elephant encounters — and a chance to foster them — offered daily.

5. Ride the new Nairobi-Mombassa train

Kenya railways

The Nairobi-Mombasa railway has been upgraded.

Courtesy KRC

Dubbed the “Lunatic Express” when it first opened in 1901 — because it seemed like such a crazy idea to build a railroad through the African bush — the legendary line was totally modernized in 2017 with completion of a US$2.3-billion dollar upgrade of both the tracks and passengers trains.

The Madaraka Express makes the journey in 4.5 hours with daily 9 a.m. departures from both Nairobi and Mombasa.

6. Explore Elsa’s home turf

Kenya

One of Elsa’s successors at the Meru National Park.

Courtesy Shannon Yogerst

Kenya’s famous feline was immortalized by Joy Adamson’s 1960 book Born Free and the blockbuster movie that followed.

The orphaned lioness was raised by Adamson and her husband in a part of the remote Kenya bush that’s now Meru National Park. The Adamson camp was just below a rock outcrop now called Elsa’s Kopje (+254 730 127 000), while her grave lies about an hour away on the north bank of the Ura River.

7. Sail the Lamu Archipelago by dhow

Kenya best things

Lamu is one of the last outposts of traditional Dhows.

Kenya Tourism Board

A throwback to the golden age of Swahili culture, Lamu island on the north Kenya coast is one of the last great outposts of traditional dhows — lateen-rigged sailing vessels that were once the main form of transport between East Africa, India and the Middle East.

Hippo Dhow (+254 723 918316) offers sunset and snorkeling trips as well as visits to the Takwa ruins on nearby Manda Island.

8. See Tsavo from the air

Denys Finch Hatton's plane in

Kenya is even better from the air.

Courtesy Universal Pictures

Denys Finch Hatton (the Robert Redford character in “Out of Africa”) pioneered the African aerial safari with his wildlife-viewing biplane flights in the 1920s.

9. Dance the night away in Nairobi

Venues like the Alchemist add to Nairobi's thriving nightlife scene.

Venues like the Alchemist add to Nairobi’s thriving nightlife scene.

Courtesy the Alchemist

The capital city’s staid colonial club scene has segued into a thriving modern nightlife world equal to any on the continent.

The Westlands neighborhood and nearby Waiyaki Way in the city’s northwest offer numerous bars, clubs and cocktail lounges where a heady blend of locals, expats and visitors quaff (and dance) the night away.

10. Commune with crocodiles in Lake Turkana

Kenya island

Central Island National Park: Volcanoes and crocodiles.

Courtesy Kenya Wildlife Service

One of Kenya’s strangest places, Central Island National Park in the middle of far-away Lake Turkana hosts the world’s largest colony of Nile crocodiles.

As well as three active volcanoes, three blue-green crater lakes, black-sand beaches and a single campsite, the island flaunts a primordial, end-of-the-Earth atmosphere that seems little changed from 3.5 million years ago when our ancient ancestors called the region home. Eliye Springs Resort (+254 703 891 810) offers speedboat day trips from the lake’s western shore

11. Roam with rhinos at Lewa

Kenya

Rhino poaching is virtually eliminated in Kenya.

Courtesy Shannon Yogerst

One of the great success stories of African rhino conservation, Lewa Conservancy (+254 730 127 000) in north-central Kenya has grown its black and white rhino population from just 15 in 1984 to more than 150 today.

Through a combination of armed patrols, fencing, technology, intelligence and interaction with local communities, Lewa has virtually eliminated rhino poaching.

12. Channel the spirit of Karen Blixen

Karen Blixen and Thomas Dinesen

Karen Blixen and Thomas Dinesen were immortalized in the movie “Out of Africa.”

Photo Courtesy Royal Danish Library

Danish author and baroness Karen Blixen (“Out of Africa”) spent 18 years in Kenya (1913-1931), living on a farm on the outskirts of Nairobi that’s now a museum dedicated to her life and times.

And for those who know the story, it does boast a view of her beloved Ngong Hills.

13. Scuba or snorkel the Indian Ocean

Kenya best things

Kenya’s marnine parks are a safe haven for aquatic life.

Kenya Tourism Board

Tucked down at the bottom end of the Kenya Coast, Kisite-Mpunguti Marine National Park provides a safe haven for whales, dolphins, sea turtles, more than 250 species of tropical fish, and 56 different types of coral.

Scuba and snorkel trips are available from Diani, Tiwi and Shimoni. Best between August and March when the sea is smoother.

14. Watch nature’s version of “Pretty in Pink”

Kenya best things

Flocks of up to two million flamingos frequent Lake Nakuru.

Kenya Tourism Board

More than 240 bird species frequent Lake Nakuru in the Great Rift Valley. But the most photogenic are the pink flamingos that descend upon the lake in flocks that sometimes number one to two million birds.

Rhino and lion are among the other denizens of the national park that surrounds the lake. Eight campsites and upscale Lake Nakuru Lodge provides luxury accommodation along the waterfront.

15. Get licked by a hungry giraffe

Kenya

Being licked by a giraffe is part of the adventure.

Courtesy Joe Yogerst

A wooden observation platform brings you literally face-to-face with rare and endangered Rothschild’s giraffes at the AFEW Giraffe Center on the outskirts of Nairobi. Feeding them — and getting licked by their long, black tongues — is part of the adventure.

16. Train for a marathon in Iten

Iten training camp

Iten training camp

Courtesy the Kenya Experience

Perched in the highlands near Eldoret, the town of Iten is renowned for its long distance runners — multiple Olympic gold medalists and world-record holders.

The Kenya Experience offers running camps and expert training at its High Altitude Training Centre in Iten.

17. Get over your fear of snakes (or not)

Snakes, Kenya

Snakes. Why did it have to be snakes?

Courtesy Bio-Ken Snake Farm

Get scarily close to Kenya’s most dangerous snakes — like the black mamba, spitting cobra, bush python and puff adder — at the Bio-Ken Snake Farm near Watamu.

The farm also offers three-night snake safaris to track, catch and release serpents in the bush.

18. Time trip in Mombasa’s Old Town

Kenya best things

Fort Jesus looms over Mombasa Old Town.

Kenya Tourism Board

Founded in the 14th century by Swahili sultans, Kenya’s big port was later a Portuguese and British colonial bastion.

The Old Town retains its bygone ways, means and architecture, a warren of narrow streets flanked by mosques, coffee houses and homes with massive wooden doors — 16th-century Fort Jesus looming over all.

19. Cycle through the Gates of Hell

Kenya best things

Hell’s Gate is located in an African national park where it’s safe to cycle.

Kenya Tourism Board

Located about 60 miles (96 kilometers) from Nairobi in the bowels of the Great Rift Valley, Hell’s Gate is a gnarly lava-carved landscape.

Lacking dangerous animals, it’s also that rare African national park where it’s safe to cycle. Bikes are available for rental inside the park and from vendors outside the main gate.

20. Sleep Beneath the Stars

Loisaba Star Beds

Lie back and stare into the infinite.

The Elewana Collection

Sure, you can camp in Kenya. But why rough it when you can snooze al fresco (in luxury) at the Star Beds safari camp in Loisaba Conservancy. Staffed by local Samburu and Masai peoples, the camp features four-poster beds that are rolled out onto the deck each night on the side of rocky outcrop beside a waterhole where elephant and other animals come to drink.

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